The most widely distributed of the cat family, the leopard occurs throughout Africa (with the only exception of the Sahara desert), wherever there is sufficient cover.
Categorical-discrete (CD) distribution model
The species can live in a variety of environments, from wet forests to arid lands, through woodland, bush savannas and grasslands. It appears to be absent only from true desert. Able to adapt to altered environments and settled areas, it also occurs in extensively cultivated ranges (Kitchener, 1991; Kingdon, 1997; Richardson, 1992; Yalden et al., 1980).