Africa Cycads
Cycads of Africa
Encephalartos aemulans
Encephalartos altensteinii
Encephalartos aplanatus
Encephalartos arenarius
Encephalartos barteri
Encephalartos brevifoliolatus
Encephalartos bubalinus
Encephalartos caffer
Encephalartos cerinus
Encephalartos chimanimaniensis
Encephalartos concinnus
Encephalartos cupidus
Encephalartos cycadifolius
Encephalartos delucanus
Encephalartos dolomiticus
Encephalartos dyerianus
Encephalartos equatorialis
Encephalartos eugene-maraisii
Encephalartos ferox
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi
Encephalartos ghellinkii
Encephalartos gratus
Encephalartos heenanii
Encephalartos hildebrandtii
Encephalartos hirsutus
Encephalartos horridus
Encephalartos humilis
Encephalartos inopinus
Encephalartos ituriensis
Encephalartos kisambo
Encephalartos laevifolius
Encephalartos lanatus
Encephalartos latifrons
Encephalartos laurentianus
Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos lehmannii
Encephalartos longifolius
Encephalartos macrostrobilus
Encephalartos manikensis
Encephalartos marunguensis
Encephalartos middelburgensis
Encephalartos msinganus
Encephalartos munchii
Encephalartos natalensis
Encephalartos ngoyanus
Encephalartos nubimontanus
Encephalartos paucidentatus
Encephalartos poggei
Encephalartos princeps
Encephalartos pterogonus
Encephalartos schaijesii
Encephalartos schmitzii
Encephalartos sclavoi
Encephalartos senticosus
Encephalartos septentrionalis
Encephalartos tegulaneus
Encephalartos transvenosus
Encephalartos trispinosus
Encephalartos turneri
Encephalartos umbeluziensis
Encephalartos villosus
Encephalartos whitelockii
Encephalartos woodii
Stangeria eriopus

Encephalartos is a genus of cycad native to Africa. Several species of Encephalartos are commonly referred to as bread palms or Kaffir bread since a bread-like starchy food can be prepared from the centre of the stem. All the species of Encephalartos are endangered. The genus name is derived from the Greek words en (within), kephali (head), and artos (bread), referring to the use of the pith to make food.

Named by German botanist J.G.C. (Johann Georg Christian) Lehmann in 1834. All cycads except Cycas had been regarded as members of the genus Zamia until then, and some botanists continued to follow this line for many years after Lehmann had separated Encephalartos as a separate genus. His concept was originally much broader than ours today, including also the Australian plants we now know as Macrozamia and Lepidozamia.

Encephalartos Distribution Map